Although everyone is susceptible to VCD, those most likely to be diagnosed are athletes whose aerobic and respiratory demands are high, such as soccer players. Females are more prone to VCD than males.
Surprisingly, there are also very similar personality traits in those who are diagnosed. Typically, high achievers, perfectionists, and Type-A personalities are more prone to VCD. This may be due to the huge stress burden that these athletes carry, leading them to become quite overwhelmed and affecting their breathing.